What is Reading Recovery?

Reading Recovery® is a proven, short-term early literacy intervention for first-grade children having extreme difficulty learning to read and write. For an average of 12 to 20 weeks children receive daily, one-on-one, 30-minute lessons taught by a specially trained teacher. Most children served by Reading Recovery make accelerated progress and meet grade level expectations in reading and writing.

“The goal of Reading Recovery is to dramatically reduce the number of learners who have extreme difficulty with literacy learning and the cost of these learners to education systems.”

-Marie Clay, founder, Reading Recovery


Professional development is an essential part of Reading Recovery, utilizing a three-tiered approach that includes teachers, teacher leaders, and university trainers. Professional development for all Reading Recovery professionals begins with an academic year of graduate-level study and continues in subsequent years. With the support of the teacher leader, Reading Recovery teachers develop observational skills and a repertoire of intervention procedures tailored to meet the individual needs of at-risk students.

Reading Recovery has a strong tradition of success with the lowest-achieving children. Developed in New Zealand over 30 years ago, Reading Recovery now also operates in most states in the United States, as well as the Bureau of Indian Affairs Schools, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia.